Medical and Nursing Ethics



·         Professional Ethics in Healthcare

·         Ethics of Human Research

·         Nazi Human Experiments  

·         The Nuremberg Trial

·         Declaration of Geneva

·         Declaration of Helsinki

·         Belmont Report and Principlism  


Suggested Readings:


Beauchamp, T. L. (2007). The ‘four principles’ approach to health care ethics. In R. E. Ashcroft, A. Dawson, H. Draper & J. R. McMillan (Eds.), Principles of health care ethics (2nd ed., pp. 3-10). Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.


Macneill, P. U. (2012). Regulating experimentation in research and medical practice. In H. Kuhse & P. Singer (Eds.), A companion to bioethics (2nd ed., pp. 469-486). Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell.


Additional Readings:


Emanuel, E. J., Wendler, D., & Grady, C. (2000). What makes clinical research ethical? The Journal of the American Medical Association, 283(20), 2701-2711.


Gillon, R. (1995). Defending 'the four principles' approach to biomedical ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics, 21(6), 323-324.


Harris, J. (2003). In praise of unprincipled ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics, 29(5), 303-306.


Holm, S. (1995). Not just autonomy: The principles of American biomedical ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics, 21(6), 332-338.


Newton, L. H. (2013). Professional ethics Ethical decision making : introduction to cases and concepts in ethics (pp. 39-43). Cham; New York: Springer.