Individual Factors



·         Individual Ethical Development

·         Ethics-related Individual Characteristics

·         Implicit Individual Processes



Suggested Readings:


Oberlechner, T. (2007). The psychology of ethics in the finance and investment industry (pp. 21-38). Charlottesville, Va.: Research Foundation of CFA Institute.


Additional Readings:


Bandura, A. (2002). Selective moral disengagement in the exercise of moral agency. Journal of Moral Education, 31(2), 101-119.


Brady, F. N., & Logsdon, J. M. (1988). Zimbardo's "Stanford prison experiment" and the relevance of social psychology for teaching business ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, 7(9), 703-710.


Christie, R. (1970). Why Machiavelli? . In R. Christie, F. L. Geis, L. Festinger & S. Schachter (Ed.), Studies in Machiavellianism (pp. 1-9). New York: Academic Press.


Fishbein, M. (1966). The relationships between beliefs, attitudes, and behavior. In S. Feldman (Ed.), Cognitive consistency; motivational antecedents and behavioral consequents (pp. 199-223). New York: Academic Press.


Forte, A. (2005). Locus of control and the moral reasoning of managers. Journal of Business Ethics, 58(1-3), 65-77.


Frey, B. (2000). The impact of moral intensity on decision making in a business context. Journal of Business Ethics, 26(3), 181-195.


Johnson, M. (1993). Moral imagination Moral imagination : implications of cognitive science for ethics (pp. 185-216). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.


Johnson, M. (1993). Introduction: How cognitive science changes ethics Moral imagination : implications of cognitive science for ethics (pp. 1-12). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.


Knouse, S., & Giacalone, R. (1992). Ethical decision-making in business: Behavioral issues and concerns. Journal of Business Ethics, 11(5-6), 369-377.


Maslow, A. H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50(4), 370-396.


Milgram, S. (1963). Behavioral study of obedience. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 67(4), 371-378.


Prinz, J. (2010). Ethics and psychology. In J. Skorupski (Ed.), The Routledge companion to ethics (pp. 384-396). London; New York: Routledge. 


Tyson, T. (1990). Believing that everyone else is less ethical: Implications for work behavior and ethics instruction. Journal of Business Ethics, 9(9), 715-721.


Wicklund, R. A., & Brehm, J. W. (1976). Introduction to the theory Perspectives on cognitive dissonance (pp. 1-10). Hillsdale, N.J.; New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.


Zimbardo, P. G. (2004). A situationist perspective on the psychology of evil: Understanding how good people are transformed into perpetrators. In A. G. Miller (Ed.), The social psychology of good and evil (pp. 21-50). New York: Guilford Press.


Zimbardo, P. G. (2007). The psychology of evil: Situated character transformations The Lucifer effect : understanding how good people turn evil (pp. 3-22). New York: Random House.